Father Coughlin's Weekly Letter: Stand By!
By late 1935, Father Coughlin's break with the Roosevelt administration and the New Deal was irrevocable. Throughout the early months of 1936, and especially after the defeat of the Coughlin-backed Frazier-Lemke bill, Coughlin's radio broadcasts and weekly letters in the NUSJ's magazine Social Justice became increasingly hysterical in their denunciations of what he saw as communism and corruption in Washington politics. By June of that year, rumors ran rampant that Coughlin would announce the formation of a third party to challenge the Roosevelt administration in the presidential election. In Coughlin's June 12 letter in Social Justice, he asserted that a priest had no business acting as head of a political party. Priests, he asserted, could be interested in politics and in the election of specific candidates, but could not head a political party. This letter anticipated the announcement of the formation of the Union Party during Coughlin's June 19th broadcast, during which he endorsed William Lemke as presidential candidate.
Document: "Father Coughlin's Weekly Letter: Stand By!" Social Justice, June 12, 1936" November 17, 1935
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As you read the document, reflect on the following questions:
- How does Coughlin rationalize his view of the role of priests in politics?
- Coughlin insisted that the NUSJ's endorsement of candidates should be based on that candidate's vote on a single proposal. What was the bill, and why did Coughlin view it as decisive?