Catholics of Color - Latin American
The following selections illustrate aspects of the lives of Latin American Catholics in the U.S. throughout American History:
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-Sketches of travel in California from Caroline M. Churchill, 1881. Pages 47-48 (in the section titled Bartlett's Springs) discuss the poor populations of the southwest going over to the Catholic Church and the author’s belief on why that is happening.
-An account of early days at the mission San Juan Bautista, by Issac L. Mylar, 1929. On the first page, a few paragraphs discusses an Irish family who was successful out west and the service of sisters to the community in educating.
-To and fro in southern California, by Emma H. Adams, 1887. Page 133 (in section XVIII) describes Catholics of Spanish descent who are considered in high regard and those of mixed descent who live in Mexico that are not and whose low regard is also connected to their Catholicism. Pages 218-221 (in section XXV) describe Rev. Junipero Serra and his work among early CA communities and reveal the attitude that natives are inferior by author.
-Seventy-five years in California, by William Heath Davis, 1929. Page 351 (in the appendix) includes a quote from Queen Isabella’s will regarding the treatment of Indians in Spanish territories.
-Los Angeles in the sunny seventies, Ludwig Louis Salvator, 1929. Page 130 (in chapter 24) mentions the mixed population of LA, the tolerance by all religions, and the predominance of Catholicism in the 1870’s there.
-Life on the plains and among the diggings, by A. Delano, 1857. Pages 330-331 (in chapter XXII) discuss the “civilizing” affect the missions had on some Indians in the southern part of Upper California.
-The gold seekers of '49; a personal narrative, by Kimball Webster, 1917. This paragraph mentions Catholic missions seen on the way to California. The travelers appear to be in Missouri when they describe this based on the context provided in the previous sections.
-California. Four months among the gold-finder, by Edwin Bryant, 1849. Page 116 (in chapter XV) describes the devoutness of Californian Roman Catholics at the time, especially women.
-Letters from California: its mountains, valleys, by D.L. Phillips, 1877. Page 156 (in Letter No. XIX) describes the state of the Catholic Church around 1876
-Account of Kateri (Catherine) Tekakwitha by Jesuit missionary (in French), 1887. She lived in the 1600’s as a missionary in Canada, although originally she was a Native American from the U.S. She recently was declared a saint in the church. Unfortunately, while there are no English primary sources, this version on her life provides context in English.