Further Reading and Online Resources


Anderson. R.B. (2004). "Prelates, protest, and public opinion: Catholic opposition to desegregation, 1947-1955." Journal of Church and State, 46(3), 617-644.

Davis, C. (2006). "Black Catholics in the civil rights movement in the southern United States: A.P. Tureaud, Thomas Wyatt Turner, and Earl Johnson." U.S. Catholic Historian, 24(4), 69-81.

Moore, A. S. (2005). "Practicing what we preach: white Catholics and the civil rights movement in Atlanta." The Georgia Historical Quarterly, 89(3), 334-367.

Murray, P. (2014). "From the sidelines to the front Lines - Mathew Ahmann leads American Catholics into the civil rights movement." Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, 107(1), 77-115.

Newman, M. (2007). "The Catholic Church in Arkansas and desegregation, 1946-1988." The Arkansas Historical Quarterly, 66(3), 293-319.

----------. (2011). "Desegregation of the Catholic diocese of Charleston, 1950-1974." The South Carolina Historical Magazine 112(1/2), 26-49.

Traxler, Sr. M.E. (1969). "American Catholics and negroes." Phylon, 30(4), 355-366.


Anderson, R. B. (2005). Black, white, and Catholic: New Orleans interracialism, 1947-1956. Nashville, TN: Vanderbilt University Press.

Bennett, J. (2005). Religion and the rise of Jim Crow in New Orleans. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Collum, D. D. (2006). Black and Catholic in the Jim Crow South: the stuff that makes community. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press.

Conrad, G. R. and Niehaus, E. F. (1993). Cross, crozier, and crucible: a volume celebrating the bicentennial of a Catholic diocese in Louisiana. New Orleans, LA: Archdiocese of New Orleans.

Davis, C. (1990). The history of black Catholics in the United States. New York, NY: Crossroad Publishing Company.

Hunton, G. (1967). All of which I saw, part of which I was: The autobiography of George K. Hunton, crusader for racial justice, as told to Gary MacEoin. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.

Koehlinger, A. L. (2007). The new nuns: racial justice and religious reform in the 1960s. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

La Farge, J. (1956). The Catholic viewpoint on race relations. Garden City, NY: Hanover House.

------------(1937). Interracial justice: a study of the Catholic doctrine of race relations. New York, NY: America Press.

------------(1943). The race question and the Negro: a study of the Catholic doctrine on interracial justice. New York, NY: Longmans, Green, and Co.

McGreevy, J.T. (1997). Parish boundaries: The Catholic encounter with race in the twentieth-century urban north. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

MacGregor, M.J. (1999). The emergence of a black Catholic community: St. Augustine’s in Washington. Washington D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.

MacGregor, M. J. (2006). Steadfast in the faith: The life of Patrick Cardinal O’Boyle. Washington D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.

O’Neill, J. E. (1961). A Catholic case against segregation. New York, NY: MacMillian Publishing.

O’Rourke, L.M. (1991). Geno: the life and mission of Geno Baroni. New York, NY: Paulist Press.

Osbourne, W. A. (1967). The segregated covenant. race relations and American Catholics. New York, NY: Herder and Herder Publishers.

Schneider, N. and Rigali, J. (2008). Joseph Elmer Cardinal Ritter: his life and times. Liguori, MO: Liguori Publications.

Southern, D. W. (1996). John LaFarge and the limits of Catholic interracialism, 1911-1963. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press.


Cerny, K.H. (1954). Monsignor John A. Ryan and the Social Action Department: an analysis of a leading school of American Catholic social thought (Doctoral dissertation). Yale University, New Haven, CT.

Conley, R. T. (1992). All one in Christ: Patrick Cardinal O’Boyle, the Church of Washington and the struggle for racial justice, 1948-73 (Masters thesis). The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC.

Ellis, C. A. (2002). The tragedy of the white moderate: Father Albert Foley and Alabama civil rights, 1963-1967 (Masters thesis). University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL.

Zielinski, M. A. (1985). The promotion of better race relations: the Catholic Interracial Council of New York, 1934-1945 (Masters thesis). The Catholic University of America, Washington, DC.


“Catholicism and the Civil Rights Movement,” Andrew S. Moore, Encyclopedia of Alabama (http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/face/Article.jsp?id=h-1086)

“The Role of Archbishop Joseph F. Rummel in the Desegregation of Catholic Schools in New Orleans,” John Smestad Jr. (http://www.loyno.edu/~history/journal/1993-4/Smestad.html)

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